The overall consensus in international community endorsing the MDG in 2000 has contributed to a staggering progress in poverty reduction never witnessed before in human history. Global poverty fall fast: in 2010 only 22% of the world’s people are living on less than US$1.25 a day compared with 52% in 1980, comprising 1.2 billion people. Half a billion people have now been dragged out of the orbit of poverty, over 2 billion people gained access to improved sources of drinking water, child mortality has been reduced by 41% and Malaria has reduced their victims by one quarter.
We now hit the 2015 MDG deadline and the international community has dedicated all its efforts in recent years to understand what has shifted and what the prospects are for the future. This past-future reconciliation process led to a cloud of crowd formed by a gigantic multi-donor mist. What is possible to disentangle from this intricate and diffuse debate? One of the main contributions of the MDGs agenda was to set indicators to project a vision of progress so it is not surprising that it became essentially a monitoring exercise. One of the findings of the brainstorm was that measuring poverty continues to be a barrier to effective policymaking. The availability, frequency and quality of poverty monitoring data remain low. There are serious challenges regarding National Household surveys particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa due to institutional, political and financial obstacles that hamper data collection, analysis and public access. The need to improve household survey programs is urgent and the availability of accurate timely data is critical. Reliable statistics for monitoring development remain inadequate in many poor countries. Building statistical capacity in those countries demands increased and well-coordinated financial and technical support from development partners complemented by country ownership and governments’ commitment to spur the institutional changes needed to ensure the sustainability of capacity-building efforts. Without this overall effort future accountability of global commitments will be dampened.
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